던컨 글린은 2008년 같은 제목으로 이 책을 출간하였다(우리말로 번역됨). 빈민들은 조직화를 통하여 권력을 확보하고, 활발한 시민들과 적극적 정부의 역할이라는 3두 체제의 구축이 빈곤감축방안이라고 설득력 있게 설명한다. 이자료는 2012년 개정판으로 그 내용이 중요하여 참고용 연구보고서로 등재한다.
아래 글은 이 책의 영어 요약이다.
Duncan Green, author of From Poverty to Power and the high-quality blog by the same name, was for many years senior strategic advisor to Oxfam UK. Oxfam is one of the most prestigious NGOs fighting poverty on a global scale and stands out by its particular focus on enhancing and expanding the power of the poor.
Although Green makes it clear that he is not writing as the official voice of Oxfam, this focus on power can naturally be found is his book. Many different aspects of the fight against poverty are addressed, but there is continual emphasis on the idea that poverty is much more than low income: it is a sense of powerlessness, exhaustion, and exclusion from decision-making.
Green rejects the idea that poor people should be passive recipients of charity. Rather, priority is given to helping poor people build up their power.
From this perspective, the author sees effective states and active citizens (citizens exercising their full range of political, civil, and social rights) as playing a crucial role in bringing about genuine human development. Many examples are provided of local communities who – sometimes with Oxfam’s help – have managed to escape poverty through fighting for their rights.
But the role of private companies (called “the third pillar” in the book) is not neglected. A healthy private sector is deemed essential in the fight against poverty, and Green admits that harnessing the dynamism of the private sector can trigger extraordinary development.
His stance towards businesses is to challenge them in a respectful and cooperative but firm way, which is pretty much Oxfam’s position as well (for example, the organization performed an analysis of Unilever’s poverty footprint in Indonesia and launched a stimulating “Behind the Brands” campaign).[