1. Jonathan D. Ostry, Andrew Berg, and Charalambos G. Tsangarides

 

IMF는 이 문헌을 통하여 불평등이 심회되어 왔고, 성장에 악영향을 미치게 되었음을 인정하고, 재분배정책을 권고한다. 

그간 이를 반대하여 왔던 IMF로는 뼈 아픈 반성을 하는 셈인데 IMF의 워싱톤 컨센서스를 포기하는 근본적 자세변화는

 아직 없다고 보아야 한다. OECD도 이와 유사한 보고서를 내 놓았다.

 

Our main findings are:
First, more unequal societies tend to redistribute more. It is thus important in understanding the growth-inequality relationship to distinguish between market and net inequality.
Second, lower net inequality is robustly correlated with faster and more durable growth, for a given level of redistribution. These results are highly supportive of our earlier work.
And third, redistribution appears generally benign in terms of its impact on growth; only in extreme cases is there some evidence that it may have direct negative effects on growth. Thus the combined direct and indirect effects of redistribution—including the growth effects of the resulting lower inequality—are on average pro-growth.

 


2. 세게은행도 IMF와 같이 워싱토넌센서스에 함몰되어 있다고 불평등과 성장이 부의 관계에 있음을 마지못해 인정하고 있다.
Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Christoph Lakner, Maria Ana Lugo, Berk Özler

 

On balance, although the results are suggestive of a negative association between inequality and growth, the data do not permit robust conclusions as to whether inequality of opportunity is bad for growth.